Skjern River Pump Stations, designed by Johansen Skovsted Arkitekter, is a conversion of three pump stations originally constructed in the late 1960s in connection with the large land reclamation project where Skjern River was straightened out.
A large number of environmental problems were associated with this alignment which lead to the river being restored to its original run in 2002. Hereby a vast and rich natural area reappeared and attracted many visitors.
Generally, the original pump stations are detailed alike but different in size and shape. Likewise the new additions to the three pump stations are both the same and different.
The extensions and the new interior building elements are mainly simple wooden constructions and reiterate the dimensions and rhythm of the original pump stations’ concrete relief.
This creates a direct link between the old structure and the new, while adding a new material and another texture that is pleasing to the touch.
With this detail, the cladding and the main structure become one, reducing the complexity of the building, which is reflected in the budget as well as the final expression.
The original pump stations were engineered to be unsentimental and raw in their materiality, and the vertical relief of the concrete facades reminds us of the surrounding ploughed furrows of the fields, and profiles of the soil that control the run of the river.
They contained underground water chambers, large halls for the pumps, storage rooms and high voltage rooms.
The original pumps in the pump halls were taken out of operation and a new type of pump located in the underground water chambers, was established. As a result, the upper part of the building was no longer in use.
A framework for the new life of the area has been provided with the rebuilding and extension of the over ground parts of the three pump stations, in the form of exhibition spaces, indoor and outdoor viewpoints to look out over the landscape, rooms for different kinds of events, and accessibility for the disabled.
In the conversion of the three pump stations the aim has been to make the individual pump stations continue to appear as a united whole, to challenge their massive and heavy character and enhance their figure in the landscape, and to add a human scale and materiality.
In addition, the project is an example of how a transformation of our negative architectural heritage can fill the purpose of mediating between a repressed past and contemporary life.
Using wood with a natural high pressure treatment, in which we avoid the use of chemicals and protect the heartwood against decay, has allowed for the extensions to be constructed and fitted on site without the use of additional materials to cover the end grain, hereby providing a very low maintenance solution in the harsh environment by the North Sea.
Facts & Credits:
Client: Ringkøbing-Skjern Kommune
Project funded by: Realdania – Stedet Tæller and LAG-Ringkøbing-Skjern
Location: Skjern, Denmark
Year of construction: 2015
Gross floor area: 570 m2
Architects: Johansen Skovsted Arkitekter
Collaborators: Søren Johansen, Sebastian Skovsted, Laura Boelskifte, Phoebe Cowen
In collaboration with: Bertelsen & Scheving Arkitekter ApS
Engineer: Ingeniørgruppen Vestjylland ApS
Contractor: Hansen & Larsen A/S
Photos: Rasmus Norlander
Products: Superwood (wood), Metsa Wood (plywood panels), Leca (Leca blocks), Polyglas (Translucent panels in stair wells)
Did you enjoy this conversion of three pump stations? Have a look at Denmark’s largest Sewage Pumping Station by C. F. Møller Architects !